Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in ionization

1) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in transitions among allowed nuclear magnetic spin states? A) X-rays B) radio waves C) microwaves D) ultraviolet light E) infrared light 2) In a mass spectrum, the peak of greatest abundance is referred to as the A) normal peak B) parent beak C) base peak D) split peak E) none of the above 3) Relative abundance is the unit along. Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in ionization? A) X-rays B) radio waves C) microwaves D) ultraviolet light E) infrared ligh

Solved: 1) Absorption Of What Type Of Electromagnetic Radi

33) 51) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in ionization? A) X-rays B) radio waves C) microwaves D) ultraviolet light E) infrared light 34) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in electronic transitions Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) consists of subatomic particles or electromagnetic waves that have sufficient energy to ionize atoms or molecules by detaching electrons from them. The particles generally travel at a speed that is greater than 1% of that of light, and the electromagnetic waves are on the high-energy portion of the electromagnetic spectrum

21) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in : 1208382. 21) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in transitions among allowed vibrational motions? A) X-rays. B) radio waves. C) microwaves. D) ultraviolet light. E) infrared light. 22) An infrared wavelength of 4.48μm is equivalent to a wavenumber. Electromagnetic Radiation. An electromagnetic field (EMF) is generated when charged particles such as electrons are accelerated. Charged particles in motion produce magnetic fields. Electric and magnetic fields are present around any electrical circuit, whether it carries alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC) electricity Non - Ionizing Radiation. Non-ionizing radiation is the term given to radiation that has insufficient energy to cause ionization. These kinds of radiations contradict with ionizing radiation like x-rays, gamma rays, and alpha particles, which are on the other end of the spectrum and are unstable and reactive Microwave ovens use electromagnetic radiation to heat food. The non-ionizing radiation used by a microwave does not make the food radioactive. Microwaves are only produced when the oven is operating. The microwaves produced inside the oven are absorbed by food and produce the heat that cooks the food Interactions of Ionizing Radiation. By: Dr Muhammad Naeem Anjum Associate Professor Ionization: • Ionization is the process by which a neutral atom acquires a positive or a negative charge. • Ionizing radiations can strip electrons from atoms as they travel through media. An atom from which electron has been removed is a positive ion

In general, two things can happen when radiation is absorbed by matter: excitation or ionization. Excitation occurs when the radiation excites the motion of the atoms or molecules, or excites an electron from an occupied orbital into an empty, higher-energy orbital The input of energy in the form of EM radiation drives the absorption by atoms of certain characteristic wavelengths of the EM spectrum. It is absorption by substances of some visible wavelengths, and transmission or reflection of others, that results in what we perceive as the colors of those substances The non-ionizing electromagnetic radiation possesses a frequency range from 1 Hz to 1THz (1000 GHz) which do not have sufficient energy to change or alter the human body chemistry (chemical bonds)

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  1. Type of radiation • charged particle (e.g., electron, proton, etc.) from betas results in longer-range secondaries (photons) that can be important when shielding ionizing electromagnetic radiation) Interactions of Charged Particles with Matter.
  2. Interactions of Ionizing Radiation. When an x- or γ-ray beam passes through a medium, interaction between photons and matter can take place with the result that energy is transferred to the medium. The initial step in the energy transfer involves the ejection of electrons from the atoms of the absorbing medium
  3. Electromagnetic-type ionizing radiation extends from the extreme ultraviolet to all higher frequencies and shorter wavelengths, which means that all X-rays and gamma rays qualify. These are capable of the most severe types of molecular damage, which can happen in biology to any type of biomolecule, including mutation and cancer, and often at.

Electromagnetic radiation is the radiation that is produced by the motion of electric charges. There are many types of electromagnetic radiation. One type has sufficient energy to remove electrons from atoms, that is, to ionize the atoms. This type is called ionizing radiation and it is the type referred to when we speak of the radiation use In both cases the absorption of EM radiation results in ionization, which in turn leads to the formation of new molecules and the release of chemical energy. EM radiation often serves as a catalyst in chemical reactions. Fluorescence is another interesting effect of the absorption of EM radiation absorption rate of 5 W/kg (Falzone et al. 2008). This hyperactivation defect can result in a low rate of fertiliza-tion. Inthis experiment, the SAR value used was never-theless greater than the current mobile phone's conventional SAR. Another study found that the thermal effects were not observed, as the temperature increase was just 0.38°C (Falzone et al. 2008). The effect on hyperacti-vation can be elucidated by EMW's effect on ROS, defects in DNA integrity, or loss of C Ionization - The process, usually by radiation absorption, where electrons are separated from atoms, ionizing both. is known as the Compton effect (sometimes referred to as Compton Scatter). In this form of interaction, the initial photon. Photon - The elementary particle of electromagnetic energy; light Infrared (IR) spectroscopy techniques are based on the absorption/emission of electromagnetic radiation by a sample resulting from vibration or rotation of molecules. The interaction of IR radiation with matter leads to an IR spectrum containing detailed information on different types of chemical groups of the substance in the form of peaks

Tanning is the body's natural shield against uv rays. (Image credit: Stock.Xchng.) Ultraviolet light is a type of electromagnetic radiation that makes black-light posters glow, and is responsible. Dead skin is a type of protection against alpha waves. Non-ionizing refers to radiation that does not carry enough energy to strip electrons from atoms, but can excite the electron, making the atom less stable. There are two primary types of non-ionizing radiation: neutron and electromagnetic radiation. Neutron radiation results from an atom's absorption of a chargeless subatomic particle. High vs. Low Energy Radiation: Absorption of radiation is the process of transferring the energy of the radiation to the atoms of the media through which it is passing. Higher energy radiation of the same type will penetrate further. Usually expressed in KeV or MeV (10 3 or 10 6 electron Volts). 1 eV = 1.6 x 10-19 Joules = 1.6 x 10-12 erg

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This problem has been solved! See the answer. Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in electronic transitions? Group of answer choices. a)microwaves. b)infrared light. c)ultraviolet light. d)radio waves. e)X-rays 11) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in transitions among allowed rotational motions? A) X-rays. B) radio waves. C) microwaves. D) ultraviolet light. E) infrared light. 12) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in transitions among allowed nuclear magnetic spin states? A) X-rays. B) radio waves. Results now available from these studies, which started concurrently, have shown that exposure to Sinusoidal-50 Hz Magnetic Field (S-50 Hz MF) combined with acute exposure to gamma radiation or to chronic administration of formaldehyde in drinking water induces a significantly increased incidence of malignant tumours in males and females certainty relation ΔρΔχ £ R, results in the fact that *B. M. Vul has suggested that the production of current car-riers due to radiation energy (light, charged particles) should be termed radiation ionization. This designation permits us to dis-tinguish these phenomena from thermal ionization and impact ion-ization in a strong electric. The H 2 O + ion should not be confused with the H 3 O + ion produced when acids dissolve in water. The H 2 O + ion is an example of a free radical, which contains an unpaired valence-shell electron.Free radicals are extremely reactive. The radicals formed when ionizing radiation passes through water are among the strongest oxidizing agents that can exist in aqueous solution

Key topics include the possible results of human tissue absorbing ionizing radiation and the attribute of electromagnetic radiation when it's considered to be ionizing radiation. Quiz & Worksheet. SAR actually refers to thermal effects, while the vast majority of the recorded biological effects from man-made non-ionizing environmental radiation are non-thermal. Even if SAR could be accurately estimated for a whole tissue, organ, or body, the biological/health effect is determined by tiny amou Abstract. Electromagnetic radiation emitted by cell phone towers is a form of environmental pollution and is a new health hazard, especially to children and patients. The present studies were taken to estimate the microwave/RF pollution by measuring radiation power densities near schools and hospitals of Chandigarh city in India The absorption of electromagnetic energy always results in heating of a body. Consequently, the limiting emission values for smartphones are only based on the thermal effect of electromagnetic radiation. Other influences of radiation, such as the possible damage to a cell genome or similar matters, are not considered * It is not something with electromagnetism at all but just a linear particle projection. * Photons are projected out as Light and Heat Rays from skin diffusion of Electron when it happens to move through a frictional medium. * Photon is neither.

Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) is radiation that carries enough energy to detach electrons from atoms or molecules, thereby ionizing them. Ionizing radiation is made up of energetic subatomic particles, ions or atoms moving at high speeds (usually greater than 1% of the speed of light), and electromagnetic waves on the high-energy end of the electromagnetic spectrum tube, discovered X-radiation in 1895. Other types of electromagnetic radiation with energies in the range of gamma and X-radiation are annihilation radiation and Bremsstrahlung. Annihilation radiation results from the reaction of a positron with an electron, and consists of two photons of 511 keV each that are emitted in opposite directions The absorption of energy from radiation in biologic material may lead to excitation or to ionization.The raising of an electron in an atom or molecule to a higher energy level without actual ejection of the electron is called excitation.If the radiation has sufficient energy to eject one or more orbital electrons from the atom or molecule, the process is called ionization, and that radiation.

The photon interactions to be discussed include Rayleigh and Compton scattering and photoelectric absorption. The metrics commonly used to describe the change in intensity and quality of x- and γ-rays by attenuation as they traverse matter are presented. Energy deposited from radiation per unit mass is the definition of the quantity Absorbed. Ionizing radiation Ionizing radiation (ionising radiation) consists of subatomic particles or electromagnetic waves that have sufficient energy to ionize atoms or molecules by detaching electrons from them. [1] The particles generally travel at a speed that is greater than 1% of that of light, and the electromagnetic waves are on the high-energy portion of the electromagnetic spectrum

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2.1 Ionizing Radiation and its Effects This type of radiation contains enough electromagnetic energy to strip atoms and molecules from the tissue and alter chemical reactions in the body. Gamma rays and X-rays are two forms of ionizing radiation. Due to the fact that they cause damage, lead vest are worn when X-rays are taken of our bodies NON-IONIZING RADIATION IONIZING RADIATION • We will consider two classifications of electromagnetic radiation separately because their effects on the human body are vastly different: - Non-ionizing Radiation • Frequency range: 0.1 - 1013 Hz • Designations: VLF, LF, RF, millimeter, submillimete

Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation

Every electronic device, including mobile phones, use electromagnetic fields, which are often abbreviated to EMF. EMF encompasses a broad selection of radiation types in the electromagnetic spectrum, ranging from very short gamma rays to radio waves. Electronic devices create different levels of EMFs, and because of this, we are exposed to EMFs. Ionizing radiation has many practical uses in medicine, research and construction, but presents a health hazard if used improperly. Exposure to radiation causes damage to living tissue; high doses result in Acute radiation syndrome (ARS), with skin burns, hair loss, internal organ failure and death, while any dose may result in an increased chance of cancer and genetic damage; a particular. Weakest is ill defined. What do you mean by weakest? Far more neutrinos pass through you every second than gamma photons so gamma must be very weak. The energy delivered to you by gamma pohotons is much grewater vthan the energy from the neutrinos..

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Description Beta Particles. Beta particles are high-energy, high-speed electrons or positrons emitted by certain fission fragments or by certain primordial radioactive nuclei such as potassium-40. The beta particles are a form of ionizing radiation also known as beta rays. The production of beta particles is termed beta decay.There are two forms of beta decay, the electron decay (β− decay. 33 The failure of classical theory of electromagnetic radiation to explain photoelectric effect lead to the development of Quantum theory (concerned with emission and absorption of energy by matter and with the motion of material particles) that solved the problems: Light intensity, Frequency, and Time delay. 1. Light intensity In classical electromagnetism, increasing the intensity of a beam. The results suggest that 1) the highest local SAR is in the mother, with the fetus being exposed to a peak of approximately 40-60% of that value at 64 MHz, increasing to approximately 50-70% at 127 MHz; 2) compliance with U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP.

UU UUUV Absorption of what type of electromagnetic Chegg

Particle Radiation. Particle radiation is made up of any subatomic particles, such as protons, neutrons, and high-speed electrons, capable of causing ionization. Alpha and beta particles are two of the more common types of particle radiation. They come from the nuclei of radioactive atoms through radioactive decay Ionizing Radiation This type of electromagnetic radiation includes mid- to high-frequency radiation which can, under certain circumstances, lead to cellular and or DNA damage with prolonged exposure. Forms of ionizing radiation include: Ultraviolet (UV) X-Rays; Gamma; Sources of ionizing electromagnetic radiation include: Ultraviolet light; X-Ray Radiation Lab. radioactivity. Within this radiation lab experiment, we put the following hypothesis to the test: If the distance from the source, in centimeters, is increased then the Ionizing Radiation does is expected to decrease because the radiation decreases as it gets farther away from the radiation emitter, due to the loss of energy from the radioactive particles as they move through. There are three main kinds of ionizing radiation radi. They include: Alpha particles, which include two protons and two neutrons, lack the ability to penetrate the dead layer of human skin, so the only way they can enter the body is by inhalation or absorption. Radon is a type of natually occurring radiation found in the Earth's soil

When a high energy electron impacts molecule M in the

Advantages And Disadvantages Of The Rosseland Radiation Model. Rosseland Radiation Model The Rosseland Model (Diffusion approximation model) is applicable when the medium is optically thick i.e. the optical thickness is much greater than 1 where a is the absorption coefficient of the medium, σ is the scattering coefficient of the medium and L is the average path length In the electromagnetic spectrum, radiation in the visible or longer wavelength range does not have sufficient quantum energy to ionize an atom, so we classify it as non-ionizing radiation. The threshold for ionization occurs somewhere in the ultraviolet range, with the specific threshold depending upon the type of atom or molecule None. Ionizing radiation is simply any radiation that, either due to frequency, intensity or the nature of the illuminated materials, produces ions of that substance it is impinging on. There is no other difference. UV and X-Ray are very good at p..

Electromagnetic radiation: A traveling wave motion that results from changing electric and magnetic fields. Types of electromagnetic radiation range from those of short wavelength, like x-rays and gamma rays, through the ultraviolet, visible, and infrared regions, to radar and radio waves of relatively long wavelengths The standards do not address exposure to fetuses, children, or women, different tissue types, or metallic objects worn on the body that influence the absorption of radiation (e.g., metal eye glasses, earrings, or dental braces). Research indicates that a child's brain absorbs 2-3 times the radiation of an adult's brain.- Therefore, the process in which an electron accepts a discrete amount of energy (delivered to it by an electromagnetic wave) and elevates itself to a higher energy level is known as 'absorption'. Depending on the energy provided by the electromagnetic wave, the electron can either move up to the next energy level or to a higher one skipping. What is Radiation. Most general definition is that radiation is energy that comes from a source and travels through some material or through space. Light, heat and sound are types of radiation. This is very general definition, the kind of radiation discussed in this article is called ionizing radiation.Most people connect the term radiation only with ionizing radiation, but it is not correct

Main Difference - Radiation vs Emission. Radiation and emission are two related terms. Radiation is the emission of energy as electromagnetic waves or as moving subatomic particles, especially high-energy particles which cause ionization.Electromagnetic radiation is characterized by the wavelength.Emission is the production and discharge of something, especially gas or radiation Transcribed image text: 11) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in electronic transitions? A) x-rays B) radio waves C) microwaves D) ultraviolet light E) infrared light 16 12) Which of the following is the strongest activating group in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions 1) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic radiation results in vibrational excitation between atoms in molecules? A) x-rays B) radio waves C) microwaves D) infrared light E) ultraviolet light A) 3-methyl-3,4-epor B) 5-hydroxy-3-meth C) 1-(2-hydroxyethy D) 3,4-epoxy-3-met E) None of selectios 7) In mass spectrometry fragmentation of ethe A) cleaving betwe which is bonde B) cleaving betwe is.

Emission Spectrum & Absorption Spectra Atomic spectra is the study of atoms (and atomic ions) through their interaction with electromagnetic radiation. We all know about the refraction of light. When light travels from one medium to another, it either bends towards the normal or away from the normal Interference type Cause of interference Result Example Correction measures; Atomic line overlap: Spectral profile of two elements are within 0.01 nm of each other: Higher experimental absorption value than the real value: Very rare, with the only plausable problem being that of copper (324.754 nm) and europium (324.753 nm the non-ionizing radiation levels that result from these sources and their effects on humans. Several studies have been initiated all over the world to determine the safe levels of exposure to RFR (Radio Frequency Radiation) for occupational workers and general public Types of Ionizing Radiations• The absorption of energy from radiation in biologic material may lead to excitation or to ionization. Ionizing radiation• The energy dissipated per ionizing event is about 33 eV. - Enough to break a strong chemical bond. - Cf. The energy associated with a C=C bond is 4.9 eV. Non-Ionizing Radiation Any type of electromagnetic radiation that does not carry enough energy to ionize an atom is called non-ionizing radiation. An atom becomes ionized when it loses or gains an electron. Ionizing radiation causes a chemical change and thus causes more damage than non-ionizing radiation

Recall that electromagnetic radiation can be pictured as a stream of photons. Photons with energies sufficient to cause ionization have wavelengths in the high-energy region of the ultraviolet. These wavelengths are completely filtered out of the radiation reaching Earth as a result of their absorption by the upper atmosphere.. Nonionizing radiation: includes all radiation and fields of the electromagnetic spectrum that do not normally have sufficient energy to produce ionization in matter; characterized by energy per photon less than ∼12 eV, wavelengths >100 nm, and frequencies <3 × 10 14 Hz

The electromagnetic radiation in the microwave frequency range 'are absorbed by water, fats, sugars, and certain other molecules, whose consequent vibrations produce *heat*.' Similar to microwave ovens which generate radiation at a frequency of about 2.45GHz (the microwave energy is converted to thermal energy by causing water molecules to flip. 3.5: Types of Radioactivity - Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Decay. Compare qualitatively the ionizing and penetration power of alpha particles ( α), beta particles ( β), and gamma rays ( γ). Express the changes in the atomic number and mass number of a radioactive nuclei when an alpha, beta, or gamma particle is emitted On the Possibility of Using Non-Ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation (Millimeter Waves) in Oncology Vitaly P. Kalantaryan1, *, Radik Martirosyan1, Yura Babayan 2, and Ruzanna Khazaryan3 Abstract—A study on the use of non-ionizing and non-thermal millimeter electromagnetic radiation in tumor chemotherapy was conducted Ionizing radiation is a well-known type of radiation that will give harm to the human body as. it can ionize cell body in a second. Non-ionizing radiation can penetrate but have no enough. energy.

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For Veterans who participated in a radiation-risk activity during service (including Atomic Veterans), VA assumes that certain cancers are related to their exposure. We call these presumptive diseases. Cancers of the bile ducts, bone, brain, breast, colon, esophagus, gall bladder, liver (primary site, but not if cirrhosis or hepatitis B is indicated), lung (including bronchiolo-alveolar. Ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation are the two types of electromagnetic radiation [5]. These radiations depend on whether they are adequate of ionizing atoms and competent in breaking. The process in which an electron is given enough energy to break away from an atom is called ionisation.This process results in the formation of two charged particles or ions: the molecule with a net positive charge, and the free electron with a negative charge.. Ionising radiation is the energy produced from natural or artificial sources.It has more energy than non-ionising radiation, enough.

Solved > 21) Absorption of what type of electromagnetic

Fluorescence spectroscopy is a type of electromagnetic spectroscopy that utilizes the fluorescence produced by objects in a sample which is not necessarily in the visible range of the spectrum. which is exposed to the ionizing radiation from the radiation source. (radiation) absorbed results in an absorption spectrum which can then be. The guidelines on the specific absorption rate (SAR) of mobile phones are legally limited to 2.0 W/kg by the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection reported , but still the SAR level varies from country to country. SAR is a standard unit or rate at which RF-EMF energy is imparted to an element or mass to measure the. About Non-Ionizing Radiation From Wireless Technology. Electronic devices that send information through the air are everywhere. Between Wi-Fi, cell phones and other networks, people are in a nearly constant cloud of wireless signals. These devices use RF energy to send and receive information. RF energy is a type of non-ionizing radiation

Electromagnetic Radiation and Field

The various types of electromagnetic radiation differ considerably in their ability to induce cancer. The potential of radiofrequency or microwave radiation and low-frequency electromagnetic radiation to alter DNA is very limited, because their energy is too low to produce substantial ionizations. T What's RF - Ionizing RF Radiation - non- Ionizing RF Ionization is a process by which electrons are stripped from atoms and molecules. This process can produce molecular changes that can lead to damage in biological tissue, including effects on DNA,genetic material.This process requires interaction with high levels of electromagnetic energy Non-ionizing Electromagnetic Radiation (EMF) can present many health risks. Electromagnetic Radiation. (EMR), or Electromagnetic Field Radiation (EMF), is the generated byproduct of electricity traveling through electronic devices.. Radiation is classified as either ionizing or non-ionizing based on the radiation's capacity to ionize atoms and interfere with chemical bonds Radiation is used for many different types of products and technologies. A form of radiation called non-ionizing radiation, has very low frequency wavelengths that transmit data through phone lines or cell towers. Another type of radiation, ionizing radiation, can be used to treat or diagnose illness. Even the sun's rays are a type of radiation

Types of Radiation: Ionizing And Non-ionizing Radiatio

Results from absorption measurements on 5 different types of an optical fiber exposed to gamma radiation from a 60Co-source in doses between 0-500 Rad Si are presented. In all cases the fiber lengths were 300 m and wound on rolls which were rotated in the radiation field to obtain homogenous radiation. Experiments were carried out at room temperature radiation - radiation - The photoelectric effect: The photoelectric effect is caused by the absorption of electromagnetic radiation and consists of electron ejection from a solid (or liquid) surface, usually of a metal, though nonmetals have also been studied. In the case of a gas, the term photoionization is more common, though there is basically little difference between these processes Ionizing Radiation . Ionization is the process by which electrons are removed from an atom. This happens all the time in nature, and it merely requires the atom to collide with a photon or a particle with enough energy to excite the election(s). When this happens, the atom can no longer maintain its bond to the particle radiation - radiation - Applications of radiation: The uses of radiation in diagnosis and treatment have multiplied so rapidly in recent years that one or another form of radiation is now indispensable in virtually every branch of medicine. The many forms of radiation that are used include electromagnetic waves of widely differing wavelengths (e.g., radio waves, visible light, ultraviolet.

Non-Ionizing Radiation Used in Microwave Ovens US EP

Spectroscopy, study of the absorption and emission of light and other radiation by matter, as related to the dependence of these processes on the wavelength of the radiation. More recently, the definition has been expanded to include the study of the interactions between particles such as electrons, protons, and ions, as well as their interaction with other particles as a function of their. Ionizing radiation has so much energy it can knock electrons out of atoms, a process known as ionization. Ionizing radiation can affect the atoms in living things, so it poses a health risk by damaging tissue and DNA in genes. Ionizing radiation comes from x-ray machines, cosmic particles from outer space and radioactive elements Radiation may be defined as energy in transit in the form of high-speed particles and electromagnetic waves. Electromagnetic radiation is very common in our everyday lives in the form visible light, radio and television waves, and microwaves. Radiation is divided into two categories - ionizing radiation and non-ionizing radiation microwave ovens is based on this principle. This efficient absorption of microwave energy via water molecules results in rapid heating throughout an object, thus allowing food to be cooked more quickly than in a conventional oven. WHAT IS NON-IONIZING RADIATION? As explained earlier, electromagnetic radiation is defined as the propagation of energ [en] The basic concepts of ionizing radiation physics are outlined. The following topics are covered: atomic structure, radioactivity (activity, radioactive decay, radionuclide half-life), ionizing radiation (radiation energy, absorption of radiation), alpha, beta, and gamma radiation, characteristic radiation, Bremsstrahlung, and neutron radiation

Introduction. There are many types of radiation, but the two most common are electromagnetic radiation and ionizing radiation. Ionizing radiation refers to radioactive particles, such as alpha and beta particles, or electromagnetic waves, such as gamma or ultraviolet rays, which have sufficient energy to detach electrons off of atoms to create ions, hence the name ionizing radiation Non-ionizing Radiation. UV-radiation is a common example of non-ionizing radiation, which can induce DNA damage because of the skin cells' high absorption capacity. Nucleic acid (DNA) readily absorbs UV-light of wavelength 280 nm. Thus, DNA acts as a target molecule of the UV-rays • Radiation biology is the study of the action of ionizing radiation on living organisms • The action is very complex, involving physics, chemistry, and biology - Different types of ionizing radiation - Energy absorption at the atomic and molecular level leads to biological damage - Repair of damage in living organism Radiation detectors come in different types depending on the desired application. Image credit: Krysja/Shutterstock.com. Radiation detectors, also called radiation sensors, are instruments that sense and measure radiation emissions or levels of radiation produced by a source.This article will provide a brief look at the types of radiation detectors and how they work radiation - radiation - Surface effects: A surface is distinct from bulk matter in that it constitutes the physical interface with the environment. Whether or not a metal will corrode in salt water, for example, or how much resistance to wear is inherent in the design of a bearing are concerns that relate primarily to the physical condition of surfaces Many of the electrons can absorb additional energy from external sources of electromagnetic radiation (see Figure 3), which results in their promotion to an inherently unstable higher energy level. Eventually, the excited electron loses the extra energy by emitting electromagnetic radiation of lower energy and, in doing so, falls back into.